Dear Readers,

Month by month, our weibold! Academy series dwells deeper into the world of tire recycling, its products and applications. In case you have missed our previous articles, you can find the links at the end of this article.

This month, we are sharing information on tire-derived fuel in cement production.

Tire-derived fuel in cement production

Nowadays, tire-derived fuel (TDF) is gaining importance as alternative fuel in different industries such as paper, pulp and cement production. Transition to tires is caused not only by high fossil fuel prices, but also by environmental concerns. This article draws on the story of Egypt’s cement industry as an example of successful transition to TDF.

Egypt is the 10th largest cement-producing country in the world and also the country is a huge cement consumer (53.9 Mt in 2015). The demand for cement is mainly driven by large national projects including roads, housing and other infrastructure. However, to accommodate to recent constrictions in fossil fuel availability and rising prices, Egypt’s cement industry had to turn to alternative fuels and increased energy efficiency.

In Egypt, where efficient and high-quality infrastructure is not yet available, cement industry supports society implementing waste management solutions in which the use of refuse derived fuels (RDF) is a major factor. It has the dual goals of reducing environmental impacts from fossil fuel use and creating much-needed local jobs.

Annually, Egypt produces some 50 million metric tons of waste, half of which is agricultural waste that is easily applied in cement production. Of course, the amount of crops’ residues depends on the agricultural season.

Currently, most of Egypt’s cement plants rely on gas. The first refuse-derived fuel (RDF) production facility in an Egyptian cement plant was opened in February 2014 at Suez Cement (Italcement). Since then, more plants appeared and they use fuels produced from municipal solid waste and tires gathered by specialized collection and treatment companies. Assiut Cement (Cemex) recently installed a tire shredding machine and it is going to further increase plant’s alternative fuel substitution rates as well as calorific value of its energy mix. Several other cement plants in Egypt, namely Lafarge Holcim, Titan, National Cement, Arabian Cement Company, Beni Suef and others, are working hard to develop supply chains and the necessary technical equipment for the production of RDF, its storage, dosing, feeding, etc.

Moreover, in July 2016 numerous alternative fuel projects were launched.

Throughout the industry, substitution rate grows and some companies, e.g. Lafarge Egypt, managed to achieve 25% substitution rate. Also, those companies keep signing major contracts to manage and operate existing RDF platforms in big cities.

The Egyptian cement industry can play a significant role in the development of a necessary sustainable waste and end of life tire management for the country. At the same time, it would create a lot of new jobs. Government will play a significant role in creating the legal and economic structure for the successful development of tire-derived and alternative fuels.

Today, cement industries in many countries around the world start using end-of-life tires as alternative fuel. Yet another examples are Ireland (Irish Cement’s plant in Limerick) and Malaysia (CMS grinding plant in Mambong).

These events may give a strong impetus to support tire recycling industry – both recyclers and equipment manufacturers.

Tire recycling experts of weibold! carry out researches on tire recycling and pyrolysis technologies and applications to help our customers build successful and flourishing businesses.

To find out more about potential applications of used tires, crumb rubber and rubber powder, send your inquiry to We will be happy to help you build a flourishing tire recycling and pyrolysis business!

Links to our previous newsletters:

  1. Welcome to weibold! Academy
  2. weibold! Academy: Recycled Rubber Output Spectrum and Rubber Granulates
  3. weibold! Academy: Rubber Granulates, Rubber Powder, Tire Derived Steel and Tire Derived Fiber
  4. weibold! Academy: Tyre Recycling Value Chain
  5. weibold! Academy: Applications for Tyre Recycling Plant Output
  6. weibold! Academy: Rubber Granulate Applications
  7. weibold! Academy: Rubber Powder Applications – Rubber Industry
  8. weibold! Academy: Rubber Powder Applications – Surface Coatings
  9. weibold! Academy: Success Factors in the Tire Recycling Industry 
  10. weibold! Academy: Understanding Tire Recycling Technology
  11. weibold! Academy: Total Quality Management in Tire Recycling
  12. weibold! Academy: Applications for Fibers from End-of-Life Tires
  13. weibold! Academy: Safety and health effects of crumb rubber infill in artificial turf
  14. weibold! Academy: Tire pyrolysis – products and applications